On the other hand, and beyond the governments in power in Country Email List one or another country -and very especially in South America-, there are no administrations Country Email List that seek to reduce or reverse the ties, particularly economic, with China, which implies that there is no domestic actors willing to veto the relationship with Beijing that worries Washington so much. In turn, the IX Summit in Los Angeles is part of the great strategy of the United States after the attacks of Country Email List September 11, 2001, which seeks primacy : Washington does not accept or tolerate the existence of a power of same size. Under George W. Bush that primacy was aggressive.
Under Barack Obama it was recalibrated and under Donald Trump it was Country Email List obfuscated; with Joe Biden we are witnessing a deteriorating primacy, both for internal and external reasons. The IX Summit reflects this new condition of the grand strategyof Washington. The Country Email List United States today is experiencing open bipartisan disagreement on foreign policy, has fewer resources in terms of private investment Country Email List and official development assistance to ensure its influence in Latin America, and faces a China that has not promoted an alternative ideology so far, but has of material resources (investments, trade, aid.
To support and increase its projection in the region. In that frame of Country Email List reference,it is important to note the contrasts between the 1994 and 2002 summits. Regarding the present meeting in Los Angeles, consultations with the countries of the region were almost Country Email List non-existent, while the capacity of Latin America to propose a shared agenda for Washington is null. Of course, the decision to exclude Cuba, Nicaragua and Venezuela was unilateral. But in addition, Washington's envoys to various capitals stressed a single message: contain China. Political Country Email List articulation from the State Department was poor: between September 2019 and September 2021 there were three interim Undersecretaries for Hemispheric Affairs, while the ambassador to the OAS.